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They are not welcome in Misrata, even if the city and its environs was their home for generations. The NTC, and its foreign backers, have comprehensively failed to start setting up a justice system — even in Benghazi, where they have been in charge since the spring. One hospitalized Tawergha told Human Rights Watch how he was shot in the side and leg and abandoned to die near Hun: “They left us at the edge of the road, put a blanket over us and then started swearing, ‘You are dogs, hope you die.’”, Misrata militias, with the momentary compliance of local officials, insist that no Tawerghas should return to the area. They say Misratans are hunting down Tawerghas. As the war in Libya comes to an end, the pressing need for accountability and reconciliation is clear. Col Abdul Latif is the commander of Seraai al-Hamra, one of the four sub-brigades of the overall Tripoli Brigade. Misrataâs brigades were the core part of the Libya Dawn allianceâs firepower, and the main cityâs political leaders were the offensiveâs masterminds, and this helped at tactical level. After the defeat of Islamic State, Sirte was controlled by the Misrata Brigades, a group within the Al-Bounyan Al-Marsous coalition, and by Brigade 604, a Madkhalist Salafist militia. Misrata, a city of several hundred thousand people about 150 mi. As painful as the losses have been for Misrata and the rest of Libya, everyone who fought Gadhafi should remember what they were fighting for: an end to torture, to arbitrary detention, to pitting one tribe against another; for respect and equality among neighbors. It was taken in December 2016 by the forces of the Government of National Accord (GNA), after a six-month battle and more than 700 dead from the Misrata Brigades. The apparent execution of 53 pro-Gadhafi supporters in a hotel in Sirte apparently under control of Misrata fighters is a bad omen.  Les brigades qui se préparent à la guerre, y compris celles qui sont à Abu Graïn, ne sont pas seulement celles de Misrata. A Misrata militia member told the media that all pro-Gadhafi travelers are barred from the city. Politique et sécurité 2. Though the Misrata brigade is attached to the Libyan Ministry of Defence by means of the Association with the Misrata Union of Revolutionaries (MUR), it often operates…. It is up to the National Transitional Council to rein in all the militias and quickly establish a functioning justice system. The inclusion will be according to the laws in force of the Libyan National Army, the military council said in â¦ Supported by the strength of their local brigades, Misrata became a state within the state. plans politique et de la sécurité, donne un aperçu de la situation des droits de lâhomme dans le pays et énonce les activités de la Mission dâappui des Nations Unies en Libye (MANUL) depuis la publication de mon rapport du 26 février 2014 (S/2014/131). The graffiti on tumble-down town walls express Misratans’ view: “(Expletive) No returnees.”. Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808, Iran: No Justice for Bloody 2019 Crackdown, Libya: New ICC Investigation Needed Amid Crisis, Qatar: Wage Abuse Action Shortchanges Workers, Singapore Judge Issues Death Sentence by Zoom, Human Rights Dimensions of COVID-19 Response, China: Repression Threatens Winter Olympics. En quelques mois, la cité marchande sâétait métamorphosée en nouvelle Sparte. The brigades are trying to protect their legacy of being at the forefront of the struggle and being those who suffered most during the war. The Libya Shield Force is an armed organisation formed in 2012 out of anti-Gaddafi armed groups spread throughout Libya. Hundreds of erstwhile civilians in that town took up arms to fight for him. Written By: AbdullahBenIbrahim. Qaddafi's strategy is to starve it out, deprive it of essentials, and bomb it indiscriminately, as a way of defeating its esprit de corps an allowing a pro-Qaddafi takeover. Salah Badi, a former army officer once locked up as a dissident, was a hero during the 2011 uprising against long-time Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, leading a Misrata militia to victory. The Jane's Intelligence Review article indicates that the Mashayshas [or Mashashiyas, Mashashyas], a group of nomadic people who had been resettled in Zintan during Gaddafi's rule, "were persecuted" by the Zintan brigade after militias in the country were given â¦ You can try TRAC for 7 days with this trial. Signup for our mailing list to receive a free incident report from TRAC. Originally formed in April 2011 in the opposition stronghold of Benghazi, it later relocated to the Nafusa Mountains, then the closest frontline to Tripoli, before advancing into the city itself in August. Anti-Gadhafi militias from Zuwara have looted property as they demanded compensation for damage they suffered during the war. Human Rights Watch has interviewed refugees from Misrata who tried to return and were forbidden to enter the city without a permit from the local council. That includes Gadhafi’s killers if the evidence showed crimes were committed. En quelques mois, la cité marchande sâétait métamorphosée en nouvelle Sparte. The actions of the Misrata brigades are a gauge of how difficult that will be, and Misrata is not alone in its call for vengeance. You are currently only seeing 1% of the 10,000-plus pieces of expert insights and analyses available with a TRAC subscription. Multiple users within govermental/military, corporate, and media, as well as colleges and universities, receive pro-rated subscription discounts based on the number of users. While TRAC attempts to ensure the accuracy of its TRAC database, the entries in the database are from numerous different sources. Clearly the NTC is up against the passions of a nasty war. À la fin de la révolution, le Conseil militaire de la ville comptait 236 brigades, soit près de 40 000 combattants. Help us continue to fight human rights abuses. fr Des éléments de preuve de source ouverte confirment que Salah Badi est un haut commandant du Front el-Soumoud, groupe armé hostile au Gouvernement d'entente nationale également connu sous le nom de Fakhr ou âFierté de la Libyeâ, et de la brigade Bouclier central Al Marsa de Misrata. Misratans say they detest anyone who backed Gadhafi. (Misrata, Libya) - If anyone is surprised by the apparent killing of Moammar Gadhafi while in the custody of militia members from the town of Misrata, they shouldnât be. In any event, Misratan militia members are venting their anger on all Tawerghas, who are largely descendants of African slaves. Members of these militias have engaged in torture, pursued suspected enemies far and wide, detained them and shot them in detention, Human Rights Watch has found. The brigades gained power in Misrata all through the Libyan revolution during which it seized most of its weapons from forces loyal to ousted leader Muammar Qaddafi in Misrata, Sirte and Tripoli. The aim of the hard-liners was to dominate national politics and they were ready to bring the country to civil war, considering any local dissenters as traitor to their city. Current Regime Nationalists Terrorist Groups, Torture, Murder and Beheadings as a Terrorist Tactic. The town’s main boulevard, Tripoli Street, is in ruins. JANZOUR, TRIPOLI - The Misrata Brigade have begun shooting at and attacking civilians in a refugee camp in Janzour containing approximately 1,500 refugees from the now obliterated town of Tawergha, close to Misrata. Les brigades qui se préparent à la guerre, y compris celles qui sont à Abu Graïn, ne sont pas seulement celles de Misrata. II. À la fin de la révolution, le Conseil militaire de la ville comptait 236 brigades, soit près de 40 000 combattants. TRAC is a unique, comprehensive resource for the study of political violence of all kinds. Facades of public buildings and private homes collapsed from tank fire and are charred inside and out. The Misrata brigades brutal response to those perceived as loyal to Qaddafi resulted in accusations of war crimes by a published report from the UN’s International Commission of Inquiry on Libya. The Libyan parliament designated much of the Libya Shield Force as terrorist and elements of the Libya Shield Force were identified as linked to al-Qaeda as early as 2012. Daniel Williams is a Senior Researcher at Human Rights Watch, Executions, Indiscriminate Shootings, and Hostage Taking by Opposition Forces in Latakia Countryside, Summary Executions by Syrian Forces in al-Bayda and Baniyas, Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice. Please give now to support our work, Gadhafi's demise was just a part of a vast revenge killing spree. Groups and individuals included in TRAC's database range from actual perpetrators of social or political violence to more passive groups that support or condone (perhaps unwittingly) such violence. The Tripoli brigade and Tajoura battalion are in fact currently fighting against haftar in Tripoli (April 2019) The Shura Council of Benghazi Revolutionaries are fighting on the part of the GNA at the Gulf of Sidra Offensive (2017) . The NTC should take control of the many makeshift detention facilities, expedite the return of displaced Libyans, and ensure the investigation, trial and punishment of wrongdoers acting in the name of vengeance. 20 "Brigades Everywhere," Libya Analysis, June 12, 2013; and "A Law unto Themselves: Militias Dominate the Post-Qadhafi Political Scene," al-Majalla, July 16, 2013. The brigades gained power in Misrata all through the Libyan revolution during which it seized most of its weapons from forces loyal to ousted leader Muammar Qaddafi in Misrata, Sirte and Tripoli. The Tripoli Brigade or Free Tripoli Guardian is a unit of the National Liberation Army of Libya created during the Libyan Civil War. Many of the brigades of the Misrata Military Council took part in the Al-Bunyan al-Marsous(BAM) military offensive that liberated Sirte recently â¦ Ce groupe a été actif de 2014 à 2016. Ibrahim Yusuf bin Ghashir, a representative of the NTC, said: “We think it would be better to relocate them somewhere else.” The allegations of rape, he added, “cannot be forgiven and it would be better to resettle them far away.”, This unforgiving campaign is not limited to Tawerghas. TRAC fully supports academic institutions and provides subscriptions on a reduced rate based on FTE. TRAC is in no way attempting to determine whether groups or individuals are terrorists -- only to convey reported information about their activities and official State status. La brigade des Martyrs d'Oumm al-Aranib est une faction armée libyenne constituée de Toubous, qui s'est rangée du côté du Conseil national de transition (CNT)  lors de la première guerre civile libyenne, puis de l'Armée nationale libyenne.. En 2011, elle participe à la conquête de la base d'Al-Wigh et y était toujours présente en 2016 . In Hun, about 250 miles south of Misrata, militias from Benghazi have taken it upon themselves to protect about 4,000 refugees. Join our movement today. Members of these brigades have stated that the entire displaced population of one town, Tawergha, which they believe largely supported Gadhafi avidly, cannot return home. YOU MUST HAVE A SUBSCRIPTION TO ACCESS THE REST OF THIS CONTENT. For that reason, when the conflict ended in the country and the Libyan leader was defeated, it was decided to build a museum to show the weapons used during the war and so that people would not "forget" what happened. In the far west, anti-Gadhafi militias from the Nafusa Mountains have looted and burned homes and schools of tribes that supported the deposed dictator. Brigade shall consist, in general, of rebels from the following regions, Misrata, Sirte, Jafra, Bani Walid, Terhuna, Alkhmuss, Mslath and Zliten. Both Misratans and Tawerghas say residents there were enthusiastic Gadhafi supporters. The brigade is also demanding a political stake in a new Libyan state that will include federal rights. The pockmarks of bullet holes disfigure construction everywhere. The harassment by Misrata brigades of Tawerghans includes shootings of unarmed men, sometimes in custody. The Misrata Brigades was formed during 2011 and is regarded as a revolutionary militia. Misrata Brigades (MUR) is an active group formed c. 2011. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. Witnesses and victims we interviewed provided credible accounts of Misratan militias shooting and wounding unarmed Tawerghas and torturing detainees, in a few cases to death. The Misrata militia is focusing its greatest wrath on Tawergha, a town of about 30,000 people just south of the city. The 32nd Brigade was commanded by Gaddafi's youngest son, Khamis Gaddafi and was called "the most well-trained and well-equipped force in the Libyan military" and "the most important military and security elements of the regime" in leaked U.S. memos. Some groups that originally engaged in violence but have since become legitimate political parties are included to provide historical perspective. Entre février et mai 2011, quelque 2 000 civils et combattants seraient morts dans la bataille, sans compter les disparus. Otherwise, the agony that preceded victory will breed vengeance, rancor and a divided new Libya — one that in disturbing ways may resemble the old. TRAC is a subscription-based service. Many Misratans say that any tribe or group that supported Gadhafi — thousands of people — should not return to the city. Please write [email protected] or hit the "SUBMIT ADDITIONS" button on the page of the group profile about which you wish to comment. The area surrounding the camp has been closed off by the brigade preventing any help from reaching the refugees. (Credit: AP) MISRATA, Libya â If anyone is surprised by the apparent killing of Moammar Gadhafi while in the custody ofâ¦ Misrata withstood a two-month siege at the hands of Gadhafi’s forces with near-daily indiscriminate attacks that killed about 1,000 of its citizens. The fierce fight for Misrata has left a penetrating bitter aftertaste. Misrata brigades have suffered some of their heaviest losses for months in recent clashes. Toutes les forces révolutionnaires seront unies au service de cet objectif. The brigade's Commander-in-Chief is Libyan-Irish citizen Mahdi al-Harati, Khalid Abozakkar is deputy commander and co founder in [Nalut], and Abu Oweis is deputy commander. Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. Entre février et mai 2011, quelque 2 000 civils et combattants seraient morts dans la bataille, sans compter les disparus. SUBSCRIBE TO UNLOCK THIS CONTENTYou are currently only seeing 1% of the 10,000-plus pieces of expert insights and analyses available with a TRAC subscription. The Misrata Brigades was formed during 2011 and is regarded as a revolutionary militia. ... and the government-backed forces are still struggling to de â¦ Misratans say Tawergha volunteers committed rapes and pillaged with gusto, though Misrata officials decline to produce evidence of the alleged rapes, saying family shame inhibits witnesses and victims from coming forward.