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2) Once Upon a Time in The West, Sergio Leone (1968): Made to be the spaghetti western to end all spaghetti westerns, Leone turned Henry Fonda into a â¦ The Spaghetti Western is a movie about the American â¦ . See more ideas about Sergio leone, Spaghetti western, Sergio. In Leone's The Good, the Bad and the Ugly there is still the scheme of a pair of heroes vs. a villain but it is somewhat relaxed, as here all three parties were driven by a money motive. Joe Hamman starred as Arizona Bill in films made in the French horse country of Camargue 1911–12.. He first directed a film in 1961 with âThe Colossus of Rhodes,â one of a series of popular mythological films made in Rome at the time. While A Fistful of Dollars, one of the best Westerns of all time,was an instant smash hit overseas, American audiences had largely grown tired of the Western genre. In subsequent films like Any Gun Can Play, One Dollar Too Many and Kill Them All and Come Back Alone several main characters repeatedly form alliances and betray each other for monetary gain. This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 00:03. Italian director Sergio Leone's cinematic style was so powerful and influential that it paved the way for a whole new Western subgenre, the Spaghetti Western. I am cynical enough not to romanticize too much.â. A famous example of the genre was White Sun of the Desert (1970), which was popular in the Soviet Union.. Leone shot âA Fistful of Dollarsâ under the pseudonym Bob Robertson, believing it would be better received as an all-American product. "BEGINNER'S GUIDE TO THE SPAGHETTI WESTERN", The Westerners: Interviews with Actors, Directors, Writers and Producers, "Top 100 Western Movies - Rotten Tomatoes", "Why Hollywood can't get enough Akira Kurosawa remakes", "Western Films-Sergio Leone's 'Spaghetti' Westerns", "Mini Hollywood Almeria, Wild West attraction in Spain", "Diamante Lobo - The Spaghetti Western Database", "Happy Birthday 'Fanciulla' — Puccini's Spaghetti Western Turns 100", "Bozzetto: "Così ho inventato lo spaghetti western, "Weekly Classics: Bollywood's Curry Western", "Untold Stories: Bollywood and the Soviet Union", "Why Django Unchained's Slavery Tale Had to Be a Spaghetti Western", Macaroni Combat / Euro War / Spaghetti War, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spaghetti_Western&oldid=993693306, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Of the Western-related European films before 1964, the one attracting most attention is probably Luis Trenker's Der Kaiser von Kalifornien (1936), about John Sutter.  Leone had imitated one of the most highly respected directors in the world by remaking his film Yojimbo as A Fistful of Dollars and consequently surrendered Asian rights to Kurosawa, plus 15% of the international box office proceeds. However, in response to the growing commercial success of various shades of sex films, there was a greater exposure of naked skin in some Spaghetti Westerns, among others Dead Men Ride (1971) and Heads or Tails (1969). Spaghetti Western (30) Italo Western (27) Shootout (23) Street Shootout (21) Violence (21) Gunfight (19) ... Two bounty hunters with the same intentions team up to track down a Western outlaw. Print. A true auteur of film. That film was followed by yet another Western, âDuck, You Suckerâ in 1972. These movies were originally released in Italian or with Italian dubbing, but as most of the films featured multilingual casts and sound was post-synched, most "western all'italiana" do not have an official dominant language. The term was used by American critics and those in other countries because most of these Westerns were produced and directed by Italians. There was a wave of Trinity-inspired films with quick and strong heroes, the former kind often called Trinity or perhaps coming from "a place called Trinity", and with no or few killings. Another type of wronged hero is set up and must clear himself from accusations. Fury of Johnny Kid follows Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, but (again) with a different ending – the loving couple leave together while their families annihilate each other.  During and after the Second World War there were scattered European uses of Western settings, mostly for comedy or musical comedy. In the 1960s, critics recognized that the American genres were rapidly changing. The Spaghetti Western, also known as Italian Western or (primarily in Japan) Macaroni Western, is a broad subgenre of Western films that emerged in the mid-1960s in the wake of Sergio Leone's film-making style and international box-office success. Beside the first three Spaghetti Westerns by Leone, a most influential film was Sergio Corbucci's Django starring Franco Nero. When Asian martial arts films started to draw crowds in European cinema houses, the producers of Spaghetti Westerns tried to hang on, this time not by adapting story-lines but rather by directly including martial arts in the films, performed by Eastern actors – for example Chen Lee in My Name Is Shanghai Joe or Lo Lieh teaming up with Lee Van Cleef in The Stranger and the Gunfighter. But the reality is that close to 600 Westerns were produced in Europe between 1960 and 1980, and during itâs peak, Italy was churning out more than 40 Spaghetti Westerns a year. Guess he did so, in order to laugh rather than cry while contemplating the inadequate budget of 20 million Pesetas (some 120,000 Euros). The film won the young director a wide following and a flood of offers to direct similar features. A mysterious stranger with a harmonica joins forces with a notorious desperado to protect a beautiful widow from a ruthless assassin working for the railroad. Oct 14, 2017 - Explore Derick's board "Sergio Leone western" on Pinterest.  The typical Spaghetti Western team was made up of an Italian director, Italo-Spanish technical staff, and a cast of Italian, Spanish, German, and American actors. Clint Eastwood starred in three of Sergio Leone's films, now known as the Dollars Trilogy—A Fistful of Dollars (1964), For a Few Dollars More (1965), and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966). He also attracted solid casts--led by Eastwood, the young star of American televisionâs âRawhide,â who was catapulted to worldwide fame by the leading roles. âThe universal attraction of the Western is that it is a great fable, a myth like Achilles,â Leone told an interviewer in 1968. âFor me personally, the attraction is the joy of making justice . The American animated film Rango incorporates elements of Spaghetti Westerns, including a character modeled after The Man With No Name. Ironically, the Italian film maker who earned acclaim for his films on life in America, hardly spoke English and gave most of his directions through an interpreter. Italyâs Leone Film Group, the company founded by Spaghetti Western master Sergio Leoneâ¦ Django aka W Django!  Many of the stories take place in the dry landscapes of the American Southwest and Northern Mexico, hence common filming locations were the Tabernas Desert and the Cabo de Gata-Níjar Natural Park, an area of volcanic origin known for its wide sandy beaches, both of which are in the Province of Almería in southeastern Spain. In 1968, the wave of Spaghetti Westerns reached its crest, comprising one-third of the Italian film production, only to collapse to one-tenth in 1969. by Korano Liehm, Mira. Trumpâs repeatedly discredited attempt to overturn the November results has been given continued sustenance by the Fox News star. Special interest audiences might also nurture a cult of the "Worst", as exemplified in the interest for a director like Ed Wood. The Spaghetti Western, also known as Italian Western or (primarily in Japan) Macaroni Western, is a broad subgenre of Western films that emerged in the mid-1960s in the wake of Sergio Leone's film-making style and international box-office success. In a career that spanned four decades, Leone is best known for the series of Westerns he made in Spain, Italy and eventually the United States in the 1960s. But he used his real name in later films, and won a cult following in this country because of his careful attention to historical detail and infusion of realism. 2 years ago. Other "cult" items are Cesare Canevari's Matalo!, Tony Anthony's Blindman and Joaquín Luis Romero Marchent's Cut-Throats Nine (the latter among gore film audiences). What are Spaghetti Westerns? Some Italian Western films were made as vehicles for musical stars, like Ferdinando Baldi's Rita of the West featuring Rita Pavone and Terence Hill. A forerunner of the genre had appeared in 1943 Giorgio Ferroni's Il fanciullo del West (The Boy in the West) and a cycle of Western comedies was initiated 1959 with La sceriffa and Il terrore dell’Oklahoma, followed by other films starring comedy specialists like Walter Chiari, Ugo Tognazzi, Raimondo Vianello or Fernandel. Examples include: a lawman and an outlaw (And the Crows Will Dig Your Grave), an army officer and an outlaw (Bury Them Deep), an avenger and a (covert) army officer (The Hills Run Red), an avenger and a (covert) guilty party (Viva! However, the considerable box office success of Enzo Barboni's They Call Me Trinity and the pyramidal one of its follow-up Trinity Is Still My Name gave Italian filmmakers a new model to emulate. In the former and partly the latter, the sex scenes feature coercion and violence against women. 5 Unmade Movies From Spaghetti Western Maestro Sergio Leone. The Australian band The Tango Saloon combines elements of Tango music with influences from Spaghetti Western scores. I Don't!, Boot Hill and Ace High directed by Giuseppe Colizzi. Titles like Fedra West (also called Ballad of a Bounty Hunter) and Johnny Hamlet signify the connection to the Greek myth and possibly the plays by Euripides and Racine and the play by William Shakespeare, respectively. Tarantino revealed his list to Spaghetti-Western.net, and you can have a gander at his choices below: 1. In the same director's Johnny Oro (1966) a traditional Western sheriff and a half-breed bounty killer are forced into an uneasy alliance when Mexican bandits and Native Americans together assault the town. Sergio Leone made four more westerns (and would be involved in several others), and Morricone would score all of â¦ The Spaghetti Western â so-called due to its low-budget Italian production â is a thrice-removed facsimile of the real thing, passed down through pulp literature via American film adaptation. The Wild West setting was replaced by an Eastern setting in the steppes of the Caucasus, while Western stock characters such as "cowboys and Indians" were replaced by Caucasian stock characters such as bandits and harems. The music video for the song "Knights of Cydonia" by the English rock band Muse was influenced by Spaghetti Westerns. Many of these films enjoyed both good takes at the box office and attention from critics. The band Big Audio Dynamite used music samples from Spaghetti Westerns when mixing their song "Medicine Show". A very appropriate goodbye to his beloved genre. The Spaghetti Western was born, flourished and faded in a highly commercial production environment. Likewise, and in contrast to the contemporary German Westerns, few films feature Native Americans. Even though it is hinted at in some films, like Django Kill and Requiescant, open homosexuality plays a marginal part in Spaghetti Westerns. The terror of the villains against their defenseless victims became just as ruthless as in A Fistful of Dollars, or more, and their brutalization of the hero when his treachery is disclosed became just as merciless, or more – just like the cunning used to secure the latter's retribution. Sergio Leone's work with Clint Eastwood changed the landscape of Westerns, as well as the landscape of world cinema.After the overwhelming success of 1964's A Fistful of Dollars, a new subgenre was born: The Spaghetti Western.The resulting films represent a now-gone era of stylish filmmaking. Though there was the occasional standout production â see John Ford's The Man Who Shot Liberty Valence in 1962, John Sturges' The Magnificent Seven in 1960, or Howard Hawâ¦  The first was Damiano Damiani's A Bullet for the General and then followed Sergio Sollima's trilogy: The Big Gundown, Face to Face and Run, Man, Run.  The term was used by American critics and those in other countries because most of these Westerns were produced and directed by Italians. This was also the time when every other hero or villain in Spaghetti Westerns started carrying a musical watch, after its ingenious use in For a Few Dollars More.  The Italians also made Wild Bill Hickok films, while the German twenties saw back-woods Westerns featuring Bela Lugosi as Uncas. An aide said Leone worked all day Saturday and was to have flown to the United States today to sign a production deal. Clint Eastwood's first American Western film, Hang 'Em High (1968), incorporates elements of Spaghetti Westerns. ", Pauline Kael, he notes, was willing to acknowledge this critical ennui and thus appreciate how a film such as Akira Kurosawa's Yojimbo (1961) "could exploit the conventions of the Western genre, while debunking its morality." mainly appear before A Fistful of Dollars had put its mark on the genre. The latter also inspired Dust in the Sun (1972), which follows its original more closely than Johnny Hamlet, where the hero survives. Sergio Corbucci's The Mercenary and Compañeros also belong here, as does Tepepa by Giulio Petroni – among others. Because the two model stories contained religious pacifists to account for the absence of gunplay, all the successors contained religious groups or at least priests, sometimes as one of the heroes. There is a section for each of the five westerns that Leone shot in Spain, plus links to maps and other resources. Oct 7, 2013 - Explore Kasidah's board "Sergio Leone", followed by 2309 people on Pinterest. Italo-Western is also used, especially in Germany. Westernul spaghetti sau westernul italian este porecla unui larg sub-gen de filme occidentale care au apÄrut la mijlocul anilor 1960, inspirate de stilul unic al regizorului italian Sergio Leone Èi care au avut succes internaÈional la box-office.A fost numit astfel de majoritatea criticilor americani deoarece au fost produse Èi regizate de cÄtre italieni. The humor started in those movies already, with scenes with comedic fighting, but the Barboni films became burlesque comedies.  Requiem for a Gringo shows many traces from another well-known Japanese film, Masaki Kobayashi's Harakiri. His Spaghetti Western equivalent would be the Western œuvre of Demofilo Fidani. The term is used by Fridlund (2006) pp. 217–44, Fridlund (2006) pp.173–99. Over six hundred European Westerns were made between 1960 and 1978. His treachery is exposed and he is severely beaten, but in the end, he defeats the remaining gang. Police said his family called for medical assistance shortly after 1:30 a.m., when Leone developed chest pains, but by the time help arrived, the heavy-set, white-bearded man was dead. , The music for the two Trinity westerns (composed by Franco Micalizzi and Guido & Maurizio De Angelis, respectively) also reflected the change into a lighter and more sentimental mood. Sometimes Life Is Hard – Right Providence? In addition to his wife, the film maker, who made his home in both Italy and France, is survived by his children, Raffaela, Francesca and Andrea. The term was used by American critics and those in other countries because most of these Westerns were produced and directed by Italians. They feature the quick but lazy Trinity (Hill) and his big, strong and irritable brother Bambino (Spencer). American director Quentin Tarantino has utilized elements of Spaghetti Westerns in his films Kill Bill (combined with kung fu movies), Inglourious Basterds (set in Nazi-occupied France), Django Unchained (set in the American South during the time of slavery). In the following years there was a deluge of Spaghetti Westerns with a pair of heroes with (most often) conflicting motives. It was followed in 1961 by Savage Guns, a British-Spanish western, again filmed in Spain. Since there is no real consensus about where to draw the exact line between Spaghetti Westerns and other Eurowesterns (or other Westerns in general) one cannot say which one of the films mentioned so far was the first Spaghetti Western. Christopher Frayling, in his noted book on the Italian Western, describes American critical reception of the Spaghetti Western cycle as, to "a large extent, confined to a sterile debate about the 'cultural roots' of the American/Hollywood Western. Directed by Sergio Leone. The story of A Fistful of Dollars was closely based on Akira Kurosawa's Yojimbo. The first American-British western filmed in Spain was The Sheriff of Fractured Jaw (1958), directed by Raoul Walsh. One variant of the hero pair was a revolutionary Mexican bandit and a mostly money-oriented American from the United States frontier. The theme of age in For a Few Dollars More, where the younger bounty killer learns valuable lessons from his more experienced colleague and eventually becomes his equal, is taken up in Day of Anger and Death Rides a Horse.
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